المواطنة والمشاركة السياسية: مقاربة تفسيرية للعلاقة بين المواطنة وتطبيق الصالح العام

  • أ.م.د. عماد مؤيد جاسم جامعة ديالى- كلية القانون والعلوم السياسية
  • أ.م.د. أيمن عبد عون نزال جامعة ديالى- كلية القانون والعلوم السياسية
الكلمات المفتاحية: المواطنة, المشاركة السياسية, الصالح العام

الملخص

يعكس مفهوم المواطنة من الناحية التأريخية معنيين مختلفين. يركز المعنى الأول على الإصول النقية للمفهوم من حيث كونه إرتبط إبتداءً بالمشاركة العامة للمواطنين في إدارة الشؤون السياسية، وهو ما تحققت تطبيقاته الإنموذجية في دول اليونان القديمة. اما المعنى الثاني، والمُستمد أصلاً من حقائق التوسع السياسي للإمبراطورية الرومانية، فقد أبدى إهتماماً بالجانب القانوني للمواطنة من حيث أنّها مركز يمنح الفرد حقوقاً ويفرض عليه واجبات. ومما لا شك فيه أنّ المعنى الذي يُركز على المواطنة من جهة حتمية المُشاركة السياسية إنّما أراد بذلك التدليل على حقيقة أنّ الجمهور هو الأكثر حرصاً في تقرير السياسات التي تخدم المصلحة العامة، وبالتالي فإنّ المواطنة ليست مُجرد رابطة سياسية بل هي وسيلة موجهة لتحقيق غاية تتمثل في خدمة الصالح العام.     

المراجع

المصـــــــادر
References
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منشور
2022-08-25